Radiation therapy is one of the most advanced technologies introduced for treating cancer. It uses intense radio beams to kill cancer cells in a specific part of the body. Radiation therapy for breast cancer is one of the most common treatments across the world.
Radiation therapy is a combination of X-Rays and different types of protons that reduces or finishes the impact of cancer cells in our body. The radiotherapy machine generates powerful radiation beams to target a precise point of the body. A different type of Radiation Therapy called brachytherapy (brak-e-THER-uh-pee) keeps the radiation inside your body in order to kill the cancer cells.
Radiation therapy attacks the genetic anatomy of the cancer cells which is responsible for growing and dividing cells. The goal of the radiation is to minimize the damage of healthy cells. After facing radiotherapy beams, the normal cells have more probability of repairing on their own in comparison to cancer infected cells.
Types of Radiation Therapy
Here are the two forms of radiation therapy:
Internal Radiation Therapy
All types of internal radiation therapies implant radioactive substance into the body. Brachytherapy comes under Internal Radiation Therapy, which includes radioactive implant inside or close to the infected cancer tissues. The implant may vary in the form of temporary or permanent.
External Beam Radiation Therapy
This one is the most common type in which a radiation therapy machine emits the beam of radiation on the infected part of the body. The beams can be varied in the form of its intensity, depending on the condition of cancer.
What are the radiation therapy side effects?
Radiation therapy affects both cancerous and healthy cells. The side-effects may be divided based on long and short terms:
Short term side-effects
These side-effects may vary, depending on the part of the body receiving radiation.
One may need screening for anxiety and depression after getting radiotherapy.
Long term side effects
It also depends on where the treatment is given in the body.
Also, there are very rare chances of developing another cancer spot due to radiotherapy treatment. The side-effects depend on the intensity of rays and area of treatment.
You can head off to the best cancer hospital in Gurgaon – Signature Hospital, where the most advanced machines are used for treating even complicated cases of cancers and tumours. Signature Hospital, the complete Radiation therapy hospital in Gurgaon offers the best therapy sessions with the help of highly-experienced medical staff and the team of doctors.