As the name suggests, these diseases are caused by the vector (an agent) that carries infectious and harmful pathogens and transmits the same to other living organisms. The agent/vector are usually blood-feeding insects like mosquitos, fleas, and ticks. Annually these diseases claim more than 7,00,000 lives every year. Every year hundreds of patients are admitted to various paediatrics hospitals in Gurgaon. Some of the common Vector-borne diseases are:
· Lyme diseases: This harmful disease is caused by Borrelia Bacterium. Its pathogens are transmitted by ticks. The early symptoms include an expanding red coloured rash that develops within the week after bit by an infected tick. Gradually, sudden joint pains and swelling affect long-term.
· Dengue fever: This life-threatening disease is transmitted by female mosquitoes of the Aedes species. In severe cases, the patient can have very low blood pressure, dengue haemorrhagic fever, blood plasma leakage are also among many other serious symptoms.
· Malaria: When you have a very high fever, cold and shaking chills, your best paediatric doctor in Gurgaon is sure to advise a blood test for malaria. Once detected, the patients are given anti-malarial drugs and if serious, need to be rushed to the nearby hospital.
· West Nile Virus: This virus first appeared in the US in 1999. West Nile Virus does not have any major or mild symptoms at all. And goes away on its own in a few days. However, if the virus enters the brain, it causes the swelling of the brain known as encephalitis and can be life-threatening. It is transmitted by mosquitoes.
Over the years, the vector-borne disease has claimed lives as well as overwhelmed the health systems in many countries. It is very important to be educated and informed about these life-threatening diseases.
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